- "Reinforcement-Free Decks Using Modified Strut-and-Tie Model"
Bae HU, Oliva MG, Bank LC, ACI Structural Journal 108(5): 562-571 Sep 2011. This study describes an application of a modified strut-and-tie model (STM) for determining the strength of reinforcement-free bridge decks on concrete wide-flanged girders.
- "Obtaining optimal performance with reinforcement-free concrete highway bridge decks"
Bae HU, Oliva MG, Bank LC, Engineering Structures 32 (8): 2300-2309 Aug 2010. This article describes an application of nonlinear finite element modeling (FEM) and analysis in the selection of design details to provide desirable performance in reinforcement-free concrete highway bridge decks.
- "A model specification for fiber reinforced non-participating permanent formwork panels for concrete bridge deck construction"
Bank LC, Oliva MG, Russell JS et al. Construction and Building 23(7): 2664-2677 July 2009. This paper discusses the development of a model design and construction specification for thin [less than 38 mm (1.5 in.)] non-participating permanent formwork panels (also known as, stay-in-place forms and lost forms) made of FRP or FRC materials with or without non-metallic reinforcements for use in the construction of concrete slabs, in particular, highway bridge decks.
- "Combined loading of a bridge deck reinforced with a structural FRP stay-in-place form"
Hanus JP, Bank LC, Oliva MG, Construction and Building Materials 23 (4): 1605-1619 Apr 2009. The investigation of a structural fiber-reinforced-polymer (FRP) stay-in-place (SIP) form used to construct and reinforce a deck for a prototype military bridge system is discussed in this paper. Keywords: Polymer Bars; Flexural-Shear; Neutral Axis; Concrete; Combined Loading.